GOST refers to a set of technical standards for products maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC). GOST standards were originally developed by the government of the Soviet Union. In Russian language, it is called gosstandart which means, “state standard” in English.

At present, the collection of GOST standards includes over 20,000 titles used extensively in conformity assessment activities in 12 countries. Serving as the regulatory basis for government and private-sector certification programs throughout the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The GOST standards cover energy, oil and gas, environmental protection, construction, transportation, telecommunications, mining, food processing, and other industries.

The following countries have adopted all or some of GOST standards in addition to their own, nationally developed standards: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine (DSTU), Moldova, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Georgia, and Turkmenistan.

Because GOST standards are adopted by Russia, the largest and most influential member of the CIS, it is a common misconception to think of GOST standards as the national standards of Russia. They are not. Since the EASC, the organization responsible for the development and maintenance of the GOST standards is recognized by ISO as a regional standards organization. The GOST standards are classified as the regional standards. The national standards of Russia are the GOST R standards.